What Exactly Are Developmental Disabilities? DDD NJ Tips

Developmental disabilities are chronic birth impairments that manifest among people at any stage before the age of 22. They may be physical or mental issues that will weigh down a child’s intellectual ability, social interactions and behavioral skills. There are varying degrees of developmental disorders, ranging from mild to severe conditions. Many of the symptoms rather than the conditions themselves are treatable.

Individuals with developmental disabilities can still lead a productive, rewarding, and social life if they receive special individualized attention. New Jersey residents should be able to benefit from Capitol Care, a DDDNJ (Department of Developmental Disabilities, New Jersey) certified behavioral health agency that cares for those diagnosed with chronic mental impairment.

Below are some of the most common developmental disabilities:

Autism
Persons with Autistic spectrum disorders will exhibit unusual interests, language delays and poor social and communication skills along with low intellectual ability. Asperger Syndrome is a milder form of autism characterized by poor motor coordination and impairment in behavioral and social interactions.

Cerebral Palsy
Those with C.P. have low muscle movement and coordination. Other signs include pain in the joints and muscles, abnormal speech, intellectual disadvantage (for some), and seizures. The condition may occur before, during or just after birth due to extreme malnutrition, health trauma, brain injury, or infections such as meningitis.

Intellectual Disabilities
These are usually as a result of chromosomal and defects such as Rett syndrome, – common in girls – Fragile x Syndrome, and Down syndrome. Children have a hard time learning and communicating, and their general development is much slower compared to other kids of their age.

Spina Bifida
Spinda Bifida is caused by the inability of the spine to completely close during the first month of pregnancy.  They are often paralyzed and require wheelchairs, have trouble swallowing and may be impaired in their learning.

Epilepsy
This condition may be caused by traumatic brain injury at or before infancy and could be chronic or treatable. Persons with Epilepsy are faced with unpredictable, random convulsions, in which they breathe and shake violently, posing great danger to themselves if eating or operating a machine.  

Capitol Care has a specially-structured treatment program that caters for each individual’s needs as diagnosed, and include special schooling and peer support programs to enhance trust and the support needed for recovery and social fulfillment; all this in a safe environment. Their ultimate mission is to promote self-determination and the well-being of these individuals to help them live to their full potential.

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